Inequalities on number line
A statement involving a variable and a sign of inequality (viz. < , ≤ , > or ≥) is called an inequality
. A statement of inequality between two expressions consisting of a single variable, say x, of highest power 1, is called a linear inequality in one variable
. It is ussually written in any of the following forms:
where a ≠ 0;
Linear inequalities are solved much the same way as linear equations are solved, with one important exception: when multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number, the inequality sign must be reversed.
What inequality does this number line show?
Write your answer starting with x (for example, x<3).
A filled-in circle includes the number it is located on.
An open circle does not include the number it is located on.
We want to write an inequality that says x can be anything shown by the arrow and circle. The open circle located on 6 means that x cannot be equal to 6. The arrow pointing to the right means that x can be any number greater than 6.
Since x can be any number greater than 6, the inequality is x > 6 .